Transport of dangerous goods (ADR): the rules to know
When you hire a freight forwarder, they may offer you ADR transport: this is the standard service for handling all dangerous goods. ADR refers to the European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road. Co-signed by some 50 countries, it is applied in France in addition to the decree of May 29, 2009 concerning the transport of hazardous goods (TMD) by land.
Obligations when transporting dangerous goods
Goods are considered dangerous if they pose a risk to human health and/or the environment. represents a risk to human health and/or the planet. When transporting dangerous goods, there are a number of very specific rules to be observed.
In terms of packaging, first and foremost, the
transport of dangerous goods (ADR)
requires the use of approved packaging (for example, it is forbidden to use black stretch film to film an ADR pallet). At the same time, dangerous goods must not be loaded with just any other goods: foodstuffs cannot be grouped together.
In order to be transported by road, all dangerous goods must be marked with a UN code. It begins with “UN” and must be followed by 4 digits. This perfectly standardized code system was developed by a committee of experts from the United Nations. It identifies all dangerous goods and the risks they represent. In addition to this code, hazard labels must be prominently displayed on all goods loaded in vehicles.
Drivers handling dangerous goods must be trained. In the transport company, it is necessary to employ or call on the services of a safety advisor (in-house employee or external service provider). ADR vehicles are fitted with an orange plate on the front and rear of the vehicle, a danger sign for bulk goods and a complete ADR kit, checked periodically.
Loading and unloading dangerous goods also calls for precautions: all rules must be clearly communicated to the personnel handling them.
Dangerous goods classes
Dangerous goods are classified into several different categories:
- Class 1: explosive materials and articles
- Class 2: flammable, non-flammable, non-toxic gases
- Class 3: flammable liquids
- Class 4: flammable solids
- Class 5: oxidizing substances or organic peroxides
- Class 6: Toxic or infectious materials
- Class 7: Radioactive materials
- Class 8: corrosive materials
- Class 9: Miscellaneous hazardous materials and objects
Not all freight carriers handle all classes of dangerous goods. Ask Transports Goëvia for a quote to see if your request can be handled by our team: you’ll instantly know the price of your transport and can confirm its booking in just a few clicks.
Strictly regulated freight transport
In order to protect road users and the environment, the TDG (Transport de Matières Dangereuses) is subject to strict regulations. very strict. It always implies being able to present a transport document in the event of an inspection (this may be a waste tracking slip for the transport of hazardous waste).
This document must always include information such as: name and address of consignor and consignee, quantity of goods, product classification code, product class, UN number, shipping name, tunnel code (if applicable).
Do you need a road haulage company to pick up and ship dangerous goods? Trust Transports Goëvia, the ADR experts in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, Occitanie and throughout France. Free online quote with
Hazardous materials management: choose the right carrier
Not all carriers handle hazardous materials. Discover our guide to help you find the right service provider:
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